Hybrid funds fall in a versatile category of investing in the oeuvre of the available options of investment vehicles. These funds entertain a combination of both equity and debt securities with the aim of offering investors a balanced blend of income generation and potential for growth.
The strategic diversification of their portfolio across a wide variety of asset classes, hybrid funds offer the best of both- stability of income from bonds as well as appreciation of capital. This makes them an attractive option for investors who prefer to remain at a middle ground and secure the benefits of the stability associated with fixed-income investments, as well as potentially higher returns from equities.
To know more about Hybrid Funds, it is essential to delve deep into its meaning, types, and characteristics. Are you ready? Let’s begin!
What Are Hybrid Funds?
Hybrid funds offer a curious blend of both equity and debt securities and are therefore commonly referred to as balanced funds. This helps the investor to secure a balanced blend of income-generating and growth potential investments.
These kinds of funds strategically diversify their portfolios across a wide range of asset classes, and this makes them an attractive option for investors who are aiming at both appreciation of capital from stocks and stability from bonds.
While the asset classes in a Hybrid fund typically include fixed-income securities (bonds) and equities (stocks), it may also involve other assets such as cash or alternative investments. The aim of hybrid funds is to provide the investor with a diversified mixture of assets that balances the capital appreciation potential with a considerable generation of income with proper risk mitigation.
Types Of Hybrid Funds
After learning what is hybrid fund is, it is important to know about the various types of hybrid funds; the main types are discussed below in detail:
Debt-Oriented Or Conservative Hybrid Funds:
This type of hybrid fund is often referred to as an income-oriented hybrid fund and focuses on the generation of stable income and the preservation of capital. These funds typically allocate around 80-90% of the entire portfolio to debt securities and the remaining portion to equities. This kind of fund is ideal for investors who prefer income generation and are reluctant to take a huge amount of risks.
Equity Or Aggressive Hybrid Funds:
Equity or Aggressive Hybrid Funds are growth-oriented funds that consider a larger portion of asset allocation to equities, making them ideal for investors looking for long-term capital appreciation.
The investment pattern typically revolves around 65-80% in equities and the remaining in debt securities. Although this type of hybrid fund retains a higher growth potential, it entertains higher market-related risks.
Balanced Hybrid Funds:
As the name suggests, these kinds of funds maintain an optimum balance in their allocation of assets to both debt securities and equities, where the share percentage is 50% for equities and debt securities.
Therefore, the investor can secure a balanced approach for both capital appreciation and income generation. This is perfect for individuals who are looking for moderate risk exposure and are reluctant to be involved in higher risk at the same time, secure a good return.
Dynamic Asset Allocation Funds:
Also referred to as multi-asset allocation funds, these funds offer the flexibility to make adjustments in their allocation across various asset classes on the basis of market conditions. The proportion of equities, debt and other assets are actively shifted by the fund manager to secure advantages of opportunities and manage risks effectively for higher returns.
Arbitrage funds take the benefit of differentials in price between the derivative market and the cash market by investing in equities for a short period of time and, at the same time, taking offset positions in the derivative market. This assists in capitalising on arbitrage opportunities, which paves the way for relatively low-risk returns.
Benefits Of Investing In Hybrid Funds:
The key benefits of choosing hybrid funds as a vehicle for investment are listed below:
- Diversification of the portfolio in a bend of equities and fixed-income securities.
- Appreciation of capital in the long run through gains from stocks.
- Fixed income generation through dividends and interests from bonds and other debt securities.
- Efficient management of risk due to the blend of equities and debt securities in the portfolio.
- Offers a convenient way for investors to access a diversified portfolio without the requirement of selecting and managing individual securities.
To sum up, it must be noted that every investment comes with its individual set of risks. It is essential to thoroughly research the market and consider the risk tolerance capability before investing in any funds.