There are several stock exchanges in India, which determine the right price of the listed securities and stocks available in the Indian market. The stock exchanges generally acted as a secondary market and helped the listed companies to generate their capital by issuing securities. Many of us do not know about the several stock exchanges in India. Therefore, here is a brief description of all these stock exchanges.
Bombay Stock Exchange
This stock exchange was established in 1875. Bombay stock exchange, abbreviated as BSE, is the oldest stock exchange in India. The headquarter of BSE is in Dalal Street Mumbai, Maharashtra, and is considered one of the largest stock exchanges in India. Earlier, it was known as The Native Share and Stockbrokers Association.
Moreover, the founder of this stock exchange is Mr. Premchand Roychand. The main index of the BSE is the Sensex, and other indices are BSE 200, BSE Pharma, BSE FMCG, etc. In the latest survey, the BSE has a broad market capital of about 3.4 trillion dollars.
The BSE ranks in the top 10 list of most rated stock exchanges internationally. And all you have to do to earn more in BSE is to learn how to do intraday trading. In the current year, BSE has expanded its product base and offers trading in equities as well as in product instruments, like options and futures.
National Stock Exchange
After many years in 1992, the National stock exchange came into the light as the modern and young stock exchange in comparison to BSE. The abbreviation of National Stock Exchange is NSE, and its CEO was Vikram Limaye. Later in 1993, NSE was finally accepted as the stock exchange by the regulatory body SEBI.
In 1994, NSE came into its colour and started the wholesale debt market. NSE has launched the Nifty 50 index and started trading in dematerialized securities. Under the Nifty benchmark, 50 companies are listed on the exchange. The main index of NSE is Nifty, and other than it, there are Nifty Next50, Nifty Midcap150, Nifty Smallcap250, etc.
Moreover, to provide the investors with a depository service, the National Depository Limited was formed. This NSDL made it possible for investors and traders to hold their stocks and securities securely and transfer them electronically. Today, the NSE market cap is 3.6 trillion dollars.
Multi Commodity Exchange
This is the largest commodity exchange of India, and this exchange only supports trading in commodities, whether it be an agricultural or non-agricultural product. The product mainly involves cotton, rubber, cardamom, crude palm oil, etc., as an agricultural product. In contrast, non-agricultural products are nickel, aluminium, copper, gold, silver, natural gas, etc.
Multi Commodity Exchange is abbreviated as MCX, and it is the first commodity exchange of India, which got listed in both BSE and NSE. MCX commenced its operations in the year 2003. This stock exchange offered futures and options contracts in its product.
India International Exchange
This was the new entry in the stock exchange market in January 2017. India international exchange is India’s first international stock exchange and is shortly known as India INX. Located in Gujrat at GIFT city and Internal financial services centre (IFSC). This stock exchange operates 6 days a week and 23 hours a day and is considered the most advanced technology platform in the world.
And one of the most attractive schemes that this exchange does to attract investors is Muhurat trading. This can be done by just opening a Demat account with a broker, and you don’t need a special Muhurat trading account online to be part of this. Today, Muhurat trading is done by almost every Exchange.
The global securities market was launched by India INX. This is the primary global market in India, which connects all the Indian and foreign investors and traders globally.
Calcutta Stock Exchange
Known as CSE in short, this stock exchange was started in the 1830s and had a long journey to modern India. It is one of the oldest stock exchanges and was included in 1908 in the market. The headquarters of CSE is at Lyons Range in Kolkata. The index of CSE is CSE 40. The trading is no longer active for nine years by SEBI, and it is confronting an uncertain future.
These were some of the stock exchanges in India. And in emerging markets like India, there is a very low percentage of people who save and invest in the stock market. But in the coming years, we might see many people joining these stock market races.